2012*ӢļƵʻ

ڣ2021-12-03 23:57:32

Ƶ
emerge vi.;()¶ emerge from emerging market г ɣemergence n.γɣ;emergency n. collapse vi. ;ͻȻʧ; The roof collapsed suddenly. ݶͻȻ infect vt.Ⱦ;Ӱ get infected ܸȾ ɣinfection n.Ⱦ wreck vt. ٻ;ʹʧ;n.ʧ£к; a plane wreck ɻʧ ɣwreckage n.к spread vt.չ;ɢ;Ϳ;n. spread out ɢţ the rapid spread of cholera ҵѸ claim vt.ƣȡҪ;()ʹ n. lay claim to ƶԡȨ;claim for Ҫ Wenchuan Earthquake has claimed 60,000 people. 봨 60,000 ˵. survive vi.Ҵ;ӳ The miners survived in the mine accident ڿ¹Ҵ.

ɣsurvival n. survivor n.Ҵ injure vt. ˺ He was badly/severely injured. do sb/oneself an injury ʹ˺ ɣinjury n. ˺ transmit vt.;ͣȾ The disease is transmitted among people.Ⱥ. ɣtransmission n. rescue vt. n. ӪȣԮ come to ones rescue ȡ Survivors were rescued by helicopter.ֱ߱Ӫ. donate vt. to donate money/blood /Ѫ ɣ donation n. donator n. accidental a.ģżȻ accidental damage ɣaccident n.¹ʣ; accidentally ad. miserable a.ʹģҵģ a miserable cold ظð ɣmisery n. ʹ fatal a.ģԵ;ش fatal mistake شĹʧ vulnerable a.˵ģ;ѷ vulnerable financial system Ľϵ

voluntary a. Ը voluntary contribution Ը ɣ volunteer n./vi. ־Ը volunteer to do sth. Ըij disaster n.ѣ;ʧ Oil spill is a disaster. ©Ǵ. ɣdisastrous a. Ե famine n. The famine triggered wars. ˺ܶս. destruction n. ƻ The Amazon reforest will be damaged to destruction. ѷֽᱻƻ. ɣdestructive a.ƻԵģԵ refugee n. a refugee camp Ӫ strap n. Ƥ vt.ôס;ñ to strap the wound ˿ foundation n.;; educational foundations welfare n.;ȼ social welfare ḣ flame n. burst into flame ҵȼ ɣflaming a.ȼյ drought n. ɺ

to combat the drought collision n.ײ;ͻ accidental collision ײ charity n.ȼýʩ;() out of charity ʴ֮ a charity perfomance ɣ charitable a. ʰ,Ȱ shelter n.ڱδ; vt.ӻ; a homeless shelter ɣsheltered a.ڱεģܱӻ hazard n. Σ vt. ðգ hazard ones life ðΣ ɣhazardous a. Σյģðյ

Ƶʻ
reform vt /n ĸ welfare reform ĸ They reformed the voting system ǸĸͶƱƶ ɣreformer n ĸ reformism n ĸ

demonstrate vt չʾ֤vi ʾ demonstrate against зԡ ɣdemonstration n inspect vt ʾ

飬Ӳ

inspect sth/sb for 飬쿴

ɣinspector n interfere vi

Ա inspection n





interfere in/with ţ appease vt *Ϣ There was a clever attempt to appease the people *Ϣŭĺ÷ reconcile vt ʹЭʹͽ reconcile to ʹ˳ commit vt Уʹŵѡи commit suicide ɱ commit oneself ʹе be committed to sth verify vt ʵ Bills statement was verified by several witnesses ķöͬʱҲȥ˾ strip vt ᣬȥ· Jim was found guilty and stripped of his rank ȶijõ˼λĿߵ֤ʵ investigate vt 飬о ڡ

Police were investigating the cause of an explosion ڵһը¼ ɣinvestigation n depend vi

ģ be dependent on sb ij

depend on sb ɣdependent a

resist vt Many people resist change ɣresistant a ܶ˲ϲ仯

Ƶģ resistance n

contemporary a n contemporary literature ѧ moral a µ moral sense ¹ moral standard ±׼ ɣmorality n moralism n ½ native a ģص native speaker ˵ĸ realistic a ʵģʵʿе Is that a realistic targetһʵĿ responsible a ε be responsible for sth ij¸ wicked a а The criminal denied that he had done anything wicked ﷸаĹ helpless a the helpless victim ܺ ethic n ±׼ professional ethics ְҵ guideline n ָԭ guidelines of the employment Ӷָ rumor n ҥ

rumor has it thatҥ immigrant n illegal immigrants Ƿ individual n a ˵ the welfare of individual ˵ĸ ɣindividualism n individuality n

consequence n negative consequence commercial consequence ҵ ɣconsequent a ֮ consequently ad status n λ social status λ population n ˿ the density of population ˿ڵܶ crime n commit crime abuse n Ű drug abuse child abuse Űͯ ɣabusive a

gang n һһ a gang of robbers һȺǿ ɣgangster ڰ

ƼƵʻ

vanish vi. ʧͻȻʧ My fear varnished. ҵĿ־ͻȻʧ digital a. ֵġʾ digital age ʱ electrical a.ģйص electrical appliance 豸 electronic a. ӵ electronic device 豸 optical a.ġ۵ optical instruments ѧ universal a. ձ,ȫ;ͨõ,ܵ ɣuniverse n. universal truth ձ solar a.̫ܵ solar energy ̫ solid a. ġʵĵġʵ solid fuel ȼ solid evidence ŵ֤ ɣsolidarity n. Ž solidify v. infinite a. ޵ġޱ ʵ infinite patience ޵ mechanical a. е

mechanical engineering еʦ ɣmechanic a.е precise a. ȷ ɣprecision n. ȷ logical a. ߼ ɣlogic n. ߼ illogical a. ߼ psychological a. ġѧ ɣpsychology n. phenomenon n. 󡢼 ɣphenomenal a. a common phenomenon ձ bacteria n. ϸ element n. Ԫءɷ֡Ԫ ɣelemental a. ġԪص elementary a. ġ biology n. ѧ̬ѧ evolution n. ݱ䡢 the theory of evolution mathematics n. ɣmathematical a. ѧϵ formula n. ԭ򡢷ʽ peace formula * statistic n. ͳֵͳ

statistic data ͳ vitamin n. ά protein n. oxygen n. ǣoxy()+gen()= carbon n. ̼ carbon dioxide ̼ measurement n. three measurements Χ ɣmeasure vt. , intelligence n. ǻۡ鱨 ɣintelligent a. ǻ۵ artificial intelligence ˹ graph n. ͼͼ navigation n. С ɣnavigate v. navigation system ϵͳ dimension n. 桢γ() ɣdimensional a. ռ three dimensional space γռ

Ƶ
civilize vt. ʹ;ʹ

ɣcivilization n.Ļ inspire vt. 裬; inspire sb. with sth./inspire sth. in sb. ij˵ġ,ʹij˲ ɣinspiring a. ĵ;inspiration ;inspired a. ʾ compose vt.ɣ;Ϊ;ʹ* be composed of ɡ; compose oneself to do sth. ij ɣcomposition n. Ʒ;composite a. ϵ n.ϳ draw vt. ; vi. (ij)ƶ n. *;ǩ draw near *; draw on ;* draw in ()վ; draw up ;(ʹ) ͣס; represent vt.ΪĴ;ʾ; ɣrepresentation n. ;;representational a. ; representative n. a.(of)дԵ convert vt.(ʹ)ת䣬(ʹ)ת;(ʹ)ı(̬ȵ) ɣconversion n. ת; preach vt.();Ĵ vi. ˵ modify vi. ޸ģ;(﷨) ɣmodification n. ģ concrete a. ʵڵģģƵ n. concrete evidence ֤ relevant a. йصģ be relevant to 롭й ɣrelevance n. йأ;irrelevant a. ص; original a. ;ӱ;ԭ n. ԭԭ

ɣoriginality n. ⣬ profound a. ȵģԶ;֪ʶԨģ̵;µ ɣprofoundly ad. ȵ remarkable a. ֵעģעĿ;쳣ģǷ ɣremarkably ad. abstract a. ;ɵ n. ժҪ;Ʒ vt. ժҪ in the abstract أ ɣabstracted a. ;abstraction n. ״̬ supplement n. (); vt. ɣsupplementary a. supplementation n. symbol n. ɣsymbolize v. ;symbolic a. ;ŵ orchestra n.ֶ ɣorchestral a. ֵ;orchestration n. ֱ rhythm n. ࣬ ɣrhythmical a. ɵģн tune n. ;vt. Ϊ(); in tune (with) (...)һ; out of tune ׼ߵЭ; tune in (to) տ architect n. ʦʦ ɣarchitecture n. ѧ; architectural a. ϵ religion n. ڽ;ڽ the Islamic religion ˹ ɣreligious a. ڽ̵ģϵ belief n. ţ;;뷨

in the belief that ϣ;beyond belief ; shake ones belief ıij˵뷨; have great belief in sb. dzij balcony n. ̨ bolt n. ˨ vt. ˨ vi. nuts and bolts ϸ a bolt from/ out of the blue ¼ conjunction n. ϣ;() in conjunction with 롭ͬ tone n. ǻ;;ɫ vt. ǿ tone down (ʹ)ͣ;tone up ǿ sketch n. ͼ;; v. sketch out Ҫ ɣsketching n. ͼ pursuit n. ׷׷ [ pl.](ʱ;)£Dz in hot pursuits ׷ literature n. ѧ;ףͼ romantic literature ѧ gallery n. ݣ;(ȵ)ϯ an art gallery һ; the public gallery ϯ

Ƶ
amuse vt Цṩ amuse oneself by doing sth ijDz ɣamused a amusement n Ʒ

entertain vt дṩ

This hotel is famous for its entertainment ɣentertainment n relax vt ʹɣ A hot bath should help to relax you

ùڴ

һˮڻƣ

ɣrelaxed a ϸģģrelaxation n skate vt The children skated on the frozen pond ski vi ѩ n ѩ refresh vt ʹָ䣬 refresh ones memory » enthusiastic a ĵģ All the staff are enthusiastic about the sports Ȥ ɣenthusiasm n ޴Ȥ leisure a е n ʱ leisure time ʱ at leisure Ͼʱ prevalent a еģձ The color is prevalent in some countries slim a ģ a slim waist ϸ ɣslimmer n ɫһЩҺ ְԱ ڽijϻ

fashionable a еġձ be in fashion be out of fashion

recreation n ֣Dz recreational activities ֻ ɣrecreational a ֵ

episode n һ the first episode of the comedy ϲĵһ series n 磬һϵ

a series of һϵ pop n pop music movie n Ӱ movie star Ӱ poster n the poster for exhibition չ spectator n cartoon n ͨ cartoon characters ͨ comedy n ϲ silent comedy ϲ tragedy n 磬 Hamlet is one of Shakespeares best known tragedies ķء ɯı֮һ hobby n baseball n The heavy rain interrupted the baseball game ж˰

soccer n volleyball n chess n gym n ameteur n ҵమ a ҵ an ameteur orchestra һҵĹֶ athlete n ˶Ա a professional athlete רҵ˶Ա ɣathletic ˶ sportsman n ˶Ա an all-round sportsman һȫܵ˶Ա

Ƶ Ƶ
overcome vt սʤ ˷ overcome difficulties ˷ annoy vt ʹգ ʹŭ ɣannoying a ˵ģ annoyance n գ

annoyed a Ϊ despair vi n be in despair ij˴ھ

despair of sb

frustrate vt ʹɥ ʹ ɣfrustration n ۣ frustrating a ˾ɥ

embarrass vt ʹȣ ʹ ɣembarrassed a ijˣεģ

embarrassment n

ɥ embarrassing a

ij£ε

envy vt ʣĽ n Ľ neglect vt ӣ n

neglect of duty ְ oppress vt ѹȣ ѹ ɣoppressed a admire vt ѹֵģ ѹȵģ oppression n ѹ

壬 ͣ Ľ Ľ admiration n ͣ

ɣadmirable a

restrain vt ֹƣƣֹ restrain sb from doing sth ijij

relieve vt ʹɣ ʹο ⣬ relieve pain ʹ relieve anxiety ⽹ complain vt Թ߿ complain aboutof sb /sth ɣcomplaint n Թ 裬 Թ

insult vt 裬 n conscious a

ʶģ Ծ

be conscious of ʶ ɣconsciousness n subconscious a intense a ֪ ʶ unconscious a ʶ ң Ծ

ʶ self-consciousness n

ҵģŵ

intense competition ҵľ intense feelings ҵ ɣintensity n ǿȣ intensive a ܼ

eager a еģ eager to do sth ij

optimistic a ֹۣ壩 be optimistic about sth ԡֹ positive a ȷʵģȷģ positive effect negative a ģ panic n ֻţ vi ʹֻţ ʹʧ

The crowd paniced at the sound of the explosion ըһ죬 Ⱥ㾪 jealous a ʵģ¼ɵ be jealous of sth ԡ upset vt ʹķң a ķģյģ n sth sb upset sb ijʹijķ ij˶ij¿

be upset about sth

ɣupsetting a

ķҵ

sympathetic a ͬģµ be sympathetic to/with ͬ ɣsympathize v £ sympathy n concern n е£ ģ ϵ be concerned about/with/to ԡܹ hatred n affection n ϲ 飬 Ľ֮ ģ ֿ ͬ

ɣaffectionate a

passion n 飬 飬 ᰮ ɣpassionate a preference n ϲ ƫ ȣȨ ɣprefer vt stress n ѹ ɣstressful a gratitude n ŵ

мл м

ɣgrateful a

ĸƵ
employ vt Ӷʹ

in the employ of ܹ ɣemployer n employment n qualify vt employee n Ա Ӷ unemployment n ʹʤΣʹʸ ʹСʸ ʧҵ

qualify for sth

ɣqualification n ʸqualified a ʸ assign vt ָɣѡɣ䣬ãҵ ɣassignment ҵ undertake vt е֤ͬ ¡

undertake sth

ɣundertaking n ҵ occupy vt ʹæµʹ£ռ죬ռ ɣoccupation n ְҵoccupant n סߣoccupancy n ռ

exert vt

ãӣʩ

exert oneself Ŭexert all ones strength ijȫ ɣexertion n Ŭӣʹ

alter vt ı䣻޸· ɣalternation n ı䣬unaltered a δıģģ alternative n 滻ѡ resign vi ְ vt ȥʹ˳

resign from ְ resign to ʹ˳ equal a ʤεģϸģ*ȵ vt

be equal to ȵģʤεģʵ ɣequally ad ȵأ equality n ͬȣ* inferior a ӵȵģ¼ n ¼ ȡ硭

be inferior to sth /sb

ɣinferiority n ¼Ա capable a

be capable of ܹ brilliant a ׿ԽģԵ Ի͵أõ

ɣbrilliantly ad auxiliary a

ģģģõ

the auxiliary generator ÷ vacant a ŵģְλȣȱģ飩ãȻ

ɣvacancy n մȱ enterprise n ҵ ҵ

joint enterprise ҵ

with enterprise and creativity ҵĺʹ hunt n /v Ѱңԣ׷ job-hunter ҹ

ɣhunter n

hunt down ԡ׷ףgo hunting ԣhunt for Ѱ interview n candidate n ѡ

resume n ժҪ v жϺ ¿ʼָ ɣresumption n ability n ¿ʼ

£

to the best of ones ability ijŬ the ability to do sth grasp n /vt £ij£

⣬᣻ץץ

within sb s grasp Ϊijܼ grasp opportunities ץס commitment n ŵ֤е

the commitment of the staff Ա grind n vt ĥѹ vi ĥ֨֨

grind for an exam ù׼ԣgrind out ƴӲյд grind away at English studies ̿๥Ӣ ɣgrinder ĥ strain n ۣȽţŤ vt Ťˣ vi

mental strain interval n ࣻĻ䣨򹤼䣩Ϣ

at intervals ʱһ

subordinate n

¼ a

¼ģҪ vt

ʹڴҪλʹ

be subordinate to Ҫģ deputy n ְ֣

deputy mayor г freelance n prospect n ְҵߣж a ǰ;ɹȵģ v ְҵߵ ̽

prospect for ̽ ɣprospective a allowance n δ prospector n ̽ߣɿ

Ǯ

make allowances for ǵ˼£ԭ seal n ӡͼ£ӡ vt ܣ

seal off գ break the seal ɣsealed ܷ deadline n

ҽѧƵ
disable vt ʹ ʹз transplant vt ֲ ǣtransתƣ+plantֲ=ֲ ɣtransplantation n ֲ prescribe v

ɣprescription n diagnose vt

ϡж

ɣdiagnosis n soothe vt



οʹ*ᡢ

This medicine should smooth your sore throat ҩĺʹ alleviate vt ᡢ͡

alleviate pain ʹ expire vi ޣֹ

My driving licence expires next month ҵļ¸µ chronic a Ե

chronic diseases Լ dizzy a ͷĿѣ еֿġֿ

resistant a

ɣresistance n ֿ immune a ߵģӰ

ɣbe immune to ڣӰ be immune from disorder n ҡʧ

economic disorder ǣdisǰ׺+ order discomfort n

syndrome n ۺ֢ AIDS ̲ Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome

handicap n ȱݡ* ɣhandicapped a ȱݵ ɣdisabled a ˲е strain n ͡Ť vt ɣrestrained vt surgeon n ҽ ɣsurgery n ơ physician n ڿҽ pregnancy n С е ˡʹ vi

ƣ ƣ ƣ

ɣpregnant a remedy n bacteria n stress n

ƷȰ취 ϸ ѹ

ɣstressful a ѹ absent-minded n IJɵ

ҽעԼʹ bandage n stroke n pharmacy n capsule n з ҩҩꡢҩѧҩ ҡաܷ

a space capsule ̫ղ pill n ҩƬ take pills ҩ tablet n ҩƬ

scar n

˰̡ v ˺

Ƶ
accelerate vt ʹ٣

accelerate the rate of economic growth پ ɣacceleration n accelerating a ٵ ƶ

boost vt ߣƶʹ n

boost the economy ƶ ɣbooster n ֧ߣƶ mushroom vi sth Ѹٳɳ n Ģ

Mushroom ٳɳ/ ٣ïʢ vt Ӷ

flourish vi

the nations economy will flourish Ҿýٷչ thrive vi

The company managed to thrive after a recession ˥˺ù˾ impose vt ѡǿڣ ˰ impose on/upon ѡǿ to impose local tax յط˰ ɣimposing a ׳۵ģ restore vt ָ޸黹 restore the economy to full strength ȫָ÷չ ɣrestoration n ޸ revive v ʹ vi ָ

The economy of these areas is beginning to revive Щطľÿ ʼ soar vi ߷ɣ

Oil prices have soared in recent weeks ʯͼ۸* squeeze vt ѹեn ׾ݣȱ

financial squeeze exceed vt Խ The benefits exceed $10 million 󳬹 1 ǧԪ

ɣexceeding a ģexceedingly ad dz allocate vt 䣬 ѡ

allocate money for the project Ŀ ɣallocation n slash vt n бߺ

slashed red tape Ƚ slash fares by about 30% Ʊ 30% negotiate vt Ǣ̸˳ͨ vi Э to negotiate the cooperation items ̸й˾Ŀ ɣnegotiation n ̸ negotiable a Э̵ distribute vt ַ䣻ɢ Milk has been distributed to the local shops ţѾַ ɣdistribution n ַdistributed a ֲ distributor n substantial a ģʵģʵʵģ

substantial investment Ͷ bankrupt a Ʋģȱģv ʹƲ n Ʋ the bankrupt oil company Ʋʯ͹˾ ɣbankruptcy n Ʋ economy n ãʡ󣬳

the market economy г ɣeconomize v ڼ economic a ѧ prosperity n ٣ economic prosperity ÷ prosperous a constraint n ٵ

Լ

economic and cultural constraint ĻԼ hardship n ѣ

economic hardships recession n ˥ˣڣ

economic recession ˥ budget n Ԥ vi vt 滮 a շѹ·

annual budget ÿԤ corporation n ˾

multinational corporation ˾ entrepreneur n ҵ

a young property entrepreneur ĵزҵ commission n ίԱ᣻Ӷ𣬻ؿۣ

The salesman takes a 5% commission on the sales he makes Ա ۶ 5%Ӷ ɣcommissioner n ίԱ installment n ڸأ

the installment plans ڸƻ warranty n 飬֤飬 쵽

The warranty expires tomorrow venture n

ͶʣҵĿvi ð

a joint venture ҵ ɣventuresome a ðյ


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