中考英语 完形填空解题技巧突破及专练第3集(含解析)

发布于:2021-12-03 23:50:41

2012 中考英语完形填空解题技巧突破及专练第 3 集
【20 篇全析详解】【共 36 页】
该精品资源的每一篇短文都有答案,每个小题都有详细的分析。有不同主题的、不同题材
文章。有人物故事、科普常识、风俗*惯……
完形填空是一种最常见的考题,也是每年中考必考的题型,它主要考查学生的综合分析 判断能力和运用英语语言的实践能力,也是对学生综合素质的考查。要做好完形填空题,既 要具备一定的词汇量、语法知识和英语语感等基本功,又要具备快速阅读理解和综合分析判 断能力。
中考完形填空考点如下: 1. 语法结构所要求的功能词,如连接词、连接代词、连接副词、关系代词、关系副词。 2. 具有语法变化的普通词,如动词的时态、语态、语气,名词的数,代词的格,形容 词和副词的级等。 3. 固定搭配短语或词组中的特定词。 4. 同义词、*义词等易混淆词。 5. 根据上、下文意思及结构必须填入的确定词。 解题步骤及方法 -、浏览全文,掌握大意 在做完形填空题之前,应跳读全文,抓住首尾句的含义,猜测空格词的意思,判断文体, 初步掌握短文大意。 二、逐句落实,综合判断 在做完形填空时,你所选择的答案要既符合语法,又符合语义和逻辑。千万不要顾此失 彼。因此,既要根据短文大意,注意句意衔接和照应关系,看看语义和逻辑是否和短文相吻 合;又要考虑语法如时态、语态、惯用法是否合理恰当,要做到前后照应,形意结合,综合 判断。可以先易后难,然后逐句落实。 三、反复推敲,验证答案 反复阅读,再三复查也是做完形填空题最重要的步骤之一。它是对每一个所选答案的 “终审判决”。做完形填空题后,不要急于草草收场,要细读短文几遍,检查所选答案是否 和上下文相吻合。对有疑点的答案要反复推敲,作出决定;对无法确定的答案,不要漏选, 可根据上下文猜词填空。
01 篇
Many animals use some kinds of “language”. They use signals(信号) and the
signals have meanings. For example, __1 a bee has found some food, it goes 2

its home. 3 is difficult for a bee to tell __4 bees where the food is

speaking to them, but it can do a little dancing. This tells the bees where the food

is and 5 it is.

Some animals show 6 they feel by making sounds. It is not difficult to tell

if a dog is angry because it barks. Birds make several different sounds and 7 has

its meaning. Sometimes we humans make sounds in the same way. We make sounds like

“Oh” to 8 how we feel about __9__ or we 10 something on our feet.

We humans have languages. We have words. These words have meaning of things,

action, feeling or ideas. We are able to __11__ each other information, to tell other

people 12 we think or we feel. By writing down words, we can remember what has

happened or 13 messages to people far away.

Languages, like people, live and die. If a language is not used by people, it

is called a dead language. This language cannot live and grow because 14 speaks

it.

A living language, of course, is often spoken by people today. It grows and

changes with time. New words are created, and some old words have 15 meanings.

1. A. because

B. since

C. when

D. as

2. A. out of

B. back from

C. away from D. back to

3. A. It

B. This

C. That D. He

4. A. each other B. another

C. the other D. others

5. A. how long

B. how far away C. how many D. how old

6. A. why

B. which

C. how

D. what

7. A. each

B. every

C. all

D. some

8. A. show

B. say

C. talk D. speak

9. A. everything B. something

C. nothing

D. anything

10. A. put

B. drop

C. fall

D. set

11. A. give

B. put

C. show D. take

12. A. that

B. which

C. what D. why

13. A. send

B. bring

C. push D. get

14. A. someone

B. no one

C. anyone D. everyone

15. A. new

B. right

C. real D. good

名师点评

这则短文讲述的是语言的重要性。无论是何种语言,只要不使用,它将死亡。

答案简析

1.C。表示”当……的时候”。

2.D。蜜蜂发现食物会返回蜂窝,通知其它蜜蜂。

3.A。形式主语。

4.C。the other bees 其它的蜜蜂。

5.B。蜜蜂通过跳舞告诉同伴物源有多远。

6.C。用 how 作状语修饰 feel。

7.A。根据谓语动词 has 应选 each.。each 指代的是可数名词 sound,所以不能用 all 或 some,

而 every 是形容词,不能做主语。

8.A。用语言来表示自己的感觉,故选 show。

9.B。

10.B。ouch 表示疼痛,故推测是东西砸到了脚上。Fall 是不及物动词,故不选。

11.A。

12.C。think 为及物动词,这里 what 做 think 宾语。

13.A。send messages 为固定搭配,表示“发送信息”。

14.B。根据文意,一种语言如果没人使用,就会灭亡。

15.A。旧词新意。

*************************************************************

02 篇 Many people go to school for an education. 1 learn languages, history, geography, physics, chemistry and maths. Others go to school to learn a skill so that they can 2 a living. School 3 is very important and useful. Yet no one

can learn everything from school. A teacher, no matter how much he 4 , can not

teach his students everything they 5 to know. The teacher's job is to show his

students how to read and how to 6 . So much more is to be learned 7 school

by the students themselves.

It is always more important to know how to study by 8 than to memorize(熟

记)some facts or formula(公式). It is 9 quite easy to learn a 10 fact in

history or a formula in mathematics. But it is very difficult to use a formula in

11 out a maths problem. Great scientists, such as Einstein, Newton and Galileo,

didn't learn many things from school. But they were all so 12 that they invented

so many things for mankind.

The 13 for their success is that they knew how to study. They read books that

were not 14 at school. They worked hard all their lives, wasting not a single

moment. They would ask many questions as they read and they did thousands of

15 .

1. A. Students

B. They C. We

D. People

2. A. make

B. do

C. have D. get

3. A. education B. degree

C. lesson

D. task

4. A. teaches

B. knows

C. learns D. practises

5. A. manage

B. expect C. fail

D. want

6. A. study B. play

C. think

D. work

7. A. From

B. in

C. within D. outside

8. A. heart

B. students C. us

D. oneself

9. A. not

B. actually C. seldom D. known

10.A. real

B. true

C. certain D. great

11. A. setting

B. working C. making D. doing

12. A. famous B. popular C. successful D. modest

13. A. experiment B. reason C. result

D. way

14. A. kept

B. showed C. expressed D. taught

15. A. duties

B. jobs

C. experiments D. records

名师点评

本文讲述了自主学*的重要性。也就是说对于学生而言应该学会如何学*才是更重要

的。而对于教师而言,不仅要教学生文化知识,更应教会他们如何学*,正所谓“授之以鱼,

不如授之以渔”。

答案解析

1. B。they 指上句中的 many people。

2. A。make a living 意思是“谋生”。这里表示学一门技术来谋生。

3. A。school education 意为“学校教育”。

4. B。意思是“不管他懂多少”。

5. D。表示学生想知道的东西 。

6. C。老师不仅教学生文化知识,更应该教会学生如何思考。

7. D。指应该更多的从校外获取知识。

8. D。study by oneself 自学。

9. B。actually 副词,“事实上”。actually easy 表示“真的很简单”。

10. C。certain 这里指“某一个,固定的”。

11. B。work out 意思是“解出”。

12. C。上述的这些人都很成功。

13. B。reason 和 for 搭配,表示“……的原因”。

14. D。被动语态,表示“学校不教的书”。意思是他们获取了很多课外知识。

15. B。这些科学家都做了很多实验。

*****************************************************************

03 篇 About 70,000,000 Americans are trying to lose weight(减肥). That is almost 1 out of every 3 people in the United States. Some people eat 1 food and they hardly have any fats or sweets. Others do running, exercise with machines, take medicines,

or even have operations. 2 you can see losing weight is 3 work, and it will

also cost a lot of money. But __4 do so many people in the United States want

to lose weight?

Many people in the United States worry about their look of the body. For many

people, looking nice also means to be 5 . Other people worry about their health

as many doctors 6 overweight is not good.

Most people want to find an 7 way to take off fat, and books of this kind

are very popular. These books tell people how to lose weight. Each year a lot of

new books like these are 8 . Each one says it can easily help people take fat

away.

Losing weight can be 9 . Some overweight people go to health centres, like

La Costa in California. Men and women 10 several hundred dollars a day at these

health centres. People live there for one week or two, 11 exercise, eating

different foods. Meals there may be just a little. All these work for losing weight.

__12__ 4 days on the programme, one woman called Mrs. Warren lost 5 pounds (2.27kg).

At $ 400 a day, she spent $ 320 to lose each pound. But she said she was still __13__

to do so.

Health centres, books, medicines, operations, running and exercise machines all

__14__ a lot of money. So in the United States, losing weight may mean losing __15__

too.

1. A. less

B. more

C. nice

D. fast

2. A. For

B. So

C. Or

D. And

3. A. good

B. useful

C. hard

D. easy

4. A. why

B. what

C. how

D. when

5. A. high

B. short

C. thin D. fat

6. A. talk

B. say

C. speak

D. tell

7. A. dearer

B. harder

C. shorter

D. easier

8. A. taken B. given

C. written

D. copied

9. A. cheap B. expensive C. easy D. safe

10. A. pay

B. cost

C. take D. have

11. A. making

B. taking

C. playing

D. using

12. A. Before

B. In

C. After D. At

13. A. sorry

B. angry

C. sad

D. glad

14. A. need B. have

C. use

D. get

15. A. health

B. time

C. food

D. money

名师点评

这篇文章讲的是美国有三分之一的人正在努力减肥,他们想尽了一切办法去减轻体重,

同时也令他们耗费了不少的金钱。

答案简析

1. A。为了减肥,有些人只吃很少的食物。

2. B。根据上文,得知下面这个结论。所以选 so 表示因果关系。

3. C。减肥令人们不得不做很多令人痛苦的事,故是一项艰苦的工作。

4. A。下文讲的是人们减肥的原因,所以选 why。

5. C。现在很多人都认为想要让自己看上去漂亮就得瘦,正是这种观点促使很多人要减肥。

6. B。这四个词当中只有 say 可以直接加说话内容。

7. D。人们都希望减肥能够既快又简单。

8. C。因为很多人都想减肥,所以就有人写这方面的书籍来吸引减肥者。

9. B。根据下文得知减肥有时是一件很昂贵的事。

10. A。 在表示花钱的几个动词中,只有 pay 和 spend 的主语为人,这里没有 spend, 故

选 pay。

11. B。 take exercise 意思是“锻炼”。

12. C。

13. D。 虽然昂贵,但她还是很乐意去做。

14. A。 所有这些减肥的项目都是需要花费很多钱的。

15. D。 综上所述,减肥也就意味着失去了很多金钱。

************************************************************************

04 篇

When the boys 1 home, it was eleven o’clock. It was dark 2 but there

was a light inside their home and the door 3 . They could see a man inside.

“Who can 4 be? ” Said Peter. “Mother and Father 5 to do some 6 .

They won’t be home 7 eight o’clock. ”

When the man saw Peter, he looked 8 . Then he smiled and said. “Come in!

You don’t know me, but I’m a friend of 9 .” The man didn’t see John.

Peter went inside and began 10 to the man but John didn’t. He quickly but

quietly ran off. He soon found a policeman and brought him back 11 home. The

man was 12 there, but when he saw the policeman, he tried to run off. The

policeman caught him 13 the arm. Just then the boys’ parents 14 .

“Is the man your friend?” The policeman asked Mr. Turner .

“No, he is a thief. He wanted to steal my money. 15 nice of you to catch

him.”

1. A. reached

B. arrived at

C. goes to

D. reached to

2. A. out of B. outside

C. outsides D. inside

3. A. opened B. was open C. was opened D. open

4. A. he

B. she

C. it

D. that

5. A. have been B. have gone

C. go

D. went

6. A. shops B. shopping

C. shoppings D. shop

7. A. until

B. at

C. to

D. before

8. A. frightening B. fear

C. frightened D. surprised

9. A. your father B. your father’s C. your motherD. your family

10. A. saying B. talking

C. speaking D. telling

11. A. to

B. to their

C. their

D. at

12. A. already B. always

C. still

D. yet

13. A. in

B. on

C. at

D. by

14. A. returned

B. returned back

C. had returned

D. had returned back

15. A. It’s

B. This’s

C. This is D. So is

名师点评

这是一个两小孩智斗小偷的故事,体现了两个小孩的机智勇敢,随机应变。

答案简析

1. A。home 是副词,前面不加介词。

2. B。外面天黑。

3. B。open 的形容词还是 open,故选 was open, 表状态,意为“敞开着的。

4. C。没看清对方的性别、容貌,常用 it 来指代之。

5. B。 have gone to 表示“去了,还没回来”,have been to 表示“曾经去过”。

6. B。do some shopping 为固定搭配 。

7. A。固定结构 not.…..until 意为“直到……才……”。

8. C。frightened 表示人内心的恐慌和害怕,而 frightening 则表示某物或某事令人害怕。

9. B。a friend of one’s 表示“某人的一个朋友”。

10. B。talk to sb 表示“和某人交谈”。而 speak to sb, say to sb 均表示“对某人讲”。

11. B。 home 如果前面不加冠词或物主代词,它则是副词,不能加 to。反之则是名词,必

须加 to。故选 to their home。

12. C。那个小偷还在,故选 still。

13. D。catch sb by the arm 表示“抓住某人的胳膊”。

14. A。由 just then 可知这里应用一般过去时。

15. A。

*************************************************************

05 篇 Debbie got up early last Saturday morning. She wanted 1 in Green Park with some of her friends. She was very 2 about it. 3 she was ready, she got on her bike and 4 for the park -- it was on the other side of the town. Suddenly,

as she was riding fast, she 5 sirens (警笛). The sound of the sirens was getting

6 , so Debbie looked 7 her to see what was happening. As a result (结果), she

fell off her bike and lay in the middle of the road. Luckily, Debbie wasn’t hurt,

8 a car hit her bike. After the car 9 , two men got out and started running.

10 , a police car stopped next to the same car and three policemen got 11 and

started running 12 the two men. One of the policemen shouted, “Stop the thieves

(贼)!”

13 a policeman came to see Debbie. He thanked her because, in a 14 , she

had helped them 15 .

1. A. goes to skate B. go skating C. going to skate D. to go skating

2. A. happy

B. angry

C. sad

D. worried

3. A. While B. As soon as C. If

D. As quickly as

4. A. carried

B. left

C. went

D. leaving

5. A. heard

B. listened to C. found

D. saw

6. A. close and close

B. closer and closer

C. big and big

D. bigger and bigger

7. A. after

B. in front of C. behind

D. before

8. A. because

B. so

C. but

D. and

9. A. fell over

B. passed away

C. turned back

D. stopped

10. A .Few minutes later

B. Just then

C. After an hour

D. Very fast

11. A. in

B. of

C. out of

D. out

12. A. after

B. before C. in front of

D. behind

13. A. In a few days

B. Sometimes

C. Some time later

D. At the same time

14. A. word

B. shop

C. moment

D. way

15. A. get out of the car

B. run after the two men

C. catch the thieves

D. shout at the thieves

名师点评

这篇文章写的是关于一位妇女无意间帮助警察抓获小偷的故事。读完我们不禁会说,

Debbie 这一跤摔得太值得了——不仅抓住了小偷,而且自己毫发无损。

答案简析

1. D。want to do sth 固定短语。

2. A。要和朋友一起去公园,此时的心情只有“高兴”最为适合。

3. B。她一准备好,就骑上自行车准备出发。As soon as “一……就……”。

4. B。leave for 离开去某地。D 选项形式不对。

5. A。听见警笛。意为“听”这个动作。这里强调“听见”这个状态。

6. B。警笛越来越*。Bigger and bigger 很容易被当选,但形容声音最好用 louder and

louder。

7. C。看她的身后。

8. C。虽然自己没伤着,但自行车还是被一辆小汽车给撞了。

9. D。从下文可知,小汽车是停下来了,而不是“走过”或“转弯”

10. B。就在这时警察也过来了。其他选项所表达的时间太慢了,根据上下文可知,都是不

可能。

11. D。get out 出来。如果要选 C 得加一个宾语 the car 。

12. A。run after 追赶,跟在后面跑。

13. C。应该是在小偷被抓之后,所以这个最为准确。

14. D。in a way 固定短语,“在某种程度上”。 In a word “总而言之”;in a shop “在

商店里”;in a moment 一会儿。

15. C。是她协助抓住小偷的。

********************************************************************

06 篇 The water and the land are thought part of the earth surface (表面). The air is 1 thought a kind of blanket (毯子) 2 the earth. But it is 3 than that.

Maybe you have been in a cave (洞穴) 4 in the earth. Did you think about the

air that was in the cave? The land has some air mixed in it. Air is even mixed 5

the water in the sea. These examples show that some air is 6 the earth’s surface

as well as above it.

Men once 7 that there were four basic things from which everything else was

made. They 8 these things-earth, fire, air and water the four elements (元素).

9 man made more observations, they 10 that fire was not an element. 11

they concluded (得出结论) that land, air and water were not elements, 12 .

13 , there are more than 100 elements from which scientists believe all

things are made. 14 land, air and water are not elements, they are three main

parts of man’s environment (环境). You will 15 more about them as you study

the earth.

1. A. usually

B. seldom

C. never

D. sometimes

2. A. above

B. around

C. across D. among

3. A. better

B. more

C. less

D. worse

4. A wide

B. high

C. long

D. deep

5. A. at

B. in

C. with

D. to

6. A. below

B. before

C. between

D. beside

7. A. found

B. thought

C. knew D. understood

8. A. called

B. told

C. name D. said

9. A. That

B. For

C. As

D. So

10. A. believe B. planned

C. decided D. want

11. A. End

B. At last

C. Hardly D. Nearly

12. A. too

B. neither

C. also

D. either

13. A. True

B. Read

C. In fact

D. Correctly

14. A. When

B. As

C. Since

D. Though

15. A. exam

B. study

C. exercise D. know

名师点评

本篇着重介绍与人们的生活休戚相关的地球、水、空气以及人们对它们的认识过程。这是一 篇说明文,文章浅显易懂。
答案简析 1. A。空气通常被看成是裹在地球外表的毯子。 2. B。 3. B。more than 固定短语“不仅仅”。 4. D。根据常识,洞穴当然在地球的深处。 5. C。固定短语 be mixed with。 6. A。与下文中 above 的意思相反,即在地表之下。 7. B。人们误以为,事实并非如此。 8. A。他们“称之为……”told , said 都不准确,而 name 的时态不对。 9. C。这里的 as 有“随着”的意思,相当于 when 。 10. C。此处 decided 意为“得出结论”。believe 很具有迷惑性,但其时态不对。特别要当
心呀。 11. B。最终得出结论。另外三个选择都很显然不对。 12. D。 either 用于否定句,“也不”的意思。 13. C。 无论是语法结构还是意思只有 In fact 对。 14. D。 尽管它们不是元素,但他们是人类环境的三个主要部分。 15. D。 你会对它们了解得更多。 ***************************************************************
07 篇 Long ago there was a poor farmer called Fred. Fred and his wife, Doris lived 1 together in their small old house. One winter night, the Luck Fairy (仙女) visited them . “Fred, you’re a 2 farmer. I’d like to give you a wish,” said the Luck Fairy. “A wish?” Said Fred. Fred and Doris smiled at each other. Then Fred said, “ Thank you , Luck Fairy.

We’re very 3 and happy.”

“ 4 we’re old, we still work in the field every day,” said Doris.

“You wok very hard but you 5 very little money. Would you like some gold

coins ” asked the Luck Fairy.

“Oh no , my dear Luck Fairy. We’re poor. But we have 6 food to eat.”

Replied Fred.

“You can use the gold coin to buy some clothes. The winter here is very cold,”

said Luck Fairy.

“Though we haven’t got 7 clothes, we’ve got enough,” said Doris.

“Well, what about a nice new house?” Asked Luck Fairy.

“Thank you, but I 8 my small old house very much. I’ve lived here since

I was born. I don’t 9 a new house,” said Fred.

“You’re quite different from other people. I like you very much,” said the

Luck Fairy. “I wish you happiness and Luck forever.” Then the Luck Fairy 10 and

never came back.

1. A. sadly

B. happily C. worried D. anxiously

2. A. bad

B. lazy

C. good

D. unhelpful

3. A. healthy

B. careful C. difficult D. important

4. A. If

B. But

C. Because D. Though

5. A. cost

B. lose

C. make

D. borrow

6. A. no

B. little

C. enough D. expensive

7. A. old

B. many

C. bad

D. clean

8. A. hate

B. love

C. need

D. dislike

9. A. need

B. see

C. buy

D. build

10. A. smiled

B. nodded C. laughed D. disappeared

名师点评

这则故事告诉我们,人不必贪心,要懂得知足常乐。

答案简析

1. B。根据下文我们知道,这对夫妇生活得很愉快。 2. C。正因为 Fred 是一个好农夫,仙女才要奖励他。 3. A。比较这四个词的意思不难发现与 happy 并列的是 healthy。 4. D。根据 still 可知选 though。虽然他们年纪大了,但仍然能够在田里干活。 5. C。make money 意思是“赚钱”。 6. C。根据文意,他们对一切都感到知足,包括食物他们也觉得足够吃了。 7. B。他们没有许多衣服,但对他们来说却已经够穿了。 8. B。 9. A。根据上文,他们喜欢自己的小屋,所以不需要新的。 10. D。根据 never come back 可知仙女消失了。
**********************************************************************
08 篇 A thousand years ago, Hong Kong was covered by a thick forest. As more and more people came to 1 in Hong Kong, these trees were cut down and burnt. Now there is 2 forest left, though there are still some small areas(地方) covered with trees. We call these woods. Elephants, tigers and many 3 animals were living in the thick forest. When people came to live in Hong Kong, the 4 began to die out. Early farmers grew rice and 5 pigs and chickens in the valleys. They cut down the trees and burnt them. They needed 6 to keep themselves warm in winter, to cook their food and to keep away the dangerous animals. Elephants quickly disappeared(消失) because there was not enough food for them. 7 did most of the wolves and tigers. Monkeys and many other animals soon 8 in the same way. You might think that there are no longer any animals in Hong Kong 9 in the zoos. There are still about 36 different animals 10 there. One of the most interesting of Hong Kong’s animals is the barking deer. These are beautiful little animals 11 a rich brown coat and a white patch(补丁) under the tail. They look

like deer 12 but they are much like a dog 13 . In Hong Kong the barking deer

has only a real enemy(敌人)— 14 . People hunt these little animals though it

is illegal(违法的). There are now not many barking deer left. So it is important

15 people to protect (保护) wild animals.

1. A. work

B. study

C. live D. enjoy

2. A. many

B. a few C. no

D. not

3. A. other

B. others C. the other D. another

4. A. people

B. animals C. plants D. things

5. A. grew

B. made C. got

D. kept

6. A. fire

B. hotness C. heat

D. stoves(炉子)

7. A. So

B. Such C. As

D. Nor

8. A. lived

B. died

C. came D. left

9. A. besides

B. except C. and

D. or

10. A. live

B. to live C. lived D. living

11. A. have

B. without C. with

D. get

12. A. high

B. higher C. short

D. shorter

13. A. shouting B. crying C. barking D. talking

14. A. tigers

B. men

C. wolves D. elephants

15. A. to

B. for

C. like

D. of

名师点评

这则短文通过讲述香港的变化来告诫人们要保护森林、爱护动物。

答案简析

1. C。表示有了人的居住后,情况才发生了改变。

2.C。根据下面一句话得知大面积的森林已经消失了。

3. A。many other animals 表示其余的许多种动物,但不代表世界上所有的动物,故不选 the other 。

4. B。由于人多了,动物就变少了。

5. D。keep 这里表示“饲养”,而 grow 意思是“种植”。 6. A。根据后面的取暖、烧饭、驱赶动物,可见这里他们需要的是火。 7. A。“so+助动词+主语”表示“某人(某物)也这样”,这里表示狼和老虎也消失了。 8. B。跟上一句表达同样的意思。 9. B。besides 表示“除了……还有……”,而 except“除……之外”。故选 except 表示
除了动物园其它地方就没有动物了。 10. D。There be sb./sth.+ doing 为固定搭配。 11. C。with 引导的介宾短语常常用来表示人或物的外貌特征。 12. A。表示长得和鹿差不多高。 13. C。狗叫声通常用 barking。 14. B。根据整篇文章的观点就可得知人类才是动物真正的敌人。 15. B。“It be + 形+for sb. + to do” 表示对某人来说做某事怎样(简单、困难、重要……)
而 of sb.表示人的性格或品质,如 kind, bad, nice 等。
09 篇 “Where is the university(大学)?” This is a question that many visitors to Cambridge(剑桥)ask. But no one can give them a __1__ answer, for there is no wall to be found __2__ the university. The university is the city. You can find classroom buildings, __3__, museums and offices of the university all over the city. And most of __4__ members are the students and __5__ of the thirty-one colleges(学院). Cambridge was already a __6__ town long before the first students and teachers arrived 800 years __7__. It grew up by the river Granta, and the river was once __8__the Cam. A __9__ was built over the river as early as 875. __10__ the town got its name "Cambridge". In the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries more and __11__ land was used for

college buildings. The town grew much __12__ in the nineteenth century after the

opening of the railway in 1845. Cambridge became a __13__ in 1951 and now it has

a population of over 100, 000. Many young students in __14__ countries __15__ to

study at Cambridge. Thousands of people from all over the world come to visit the

university town. It has become a famous place all around the world.

1. A. clean B. clear

C. right

D. real

2. A. around

B. in

C. near

D. by

3. A. cinemas

B. parks

C. zoos

D. libraries

4. A. their

B. his

C. its

D. my

5. A. parents

B. farmers

C. workers

D. teachers

6. A. interesting B. usual

C. developing

D. common

7. A. before

B. ago

C. later

D. after

8. A. said

B. called

C. spoken

D. talked

9. A. bridge

B. building

C. station

D. house

10. A. Because B. But

C. And

D. So

11. A. less

B. fewer

C. more

D. bigger

12. A. smaller

B. slower

C. faster

D. cleaner

13. A. city

B. college

C. university D. country

14. A. another B. other

C. the other

D. others

15. A. stop

B. hate

C. hope

D. need

名师点评

本文是关于世界闻名的大学——剑桥大学的发展及其现状。城市即大学,大学即城市,

谁也说不清哪儿是大学,哪儿是城市。真是一个令人向往城市,——不,真是一个令人向往

的大学。

答案简析

1. B。谁也不能给出一个明确的答案。

2. A。大学周围没有围墙。

3. D。四个选项中,只有 libraries 属于大学里的设施之一。

4. C。用 its 代指 the city’s。 5. D。四个选项中,只有 teachers 属大学里的成员之一。 6. C。整句话的意思为“剑桥早在 800 年前就是一个发展中的城镇了。 7. B。 8. B。这个城镇过去被叫做…… 9. A。建在河上的理应是桥。 10. D。很明显的因果关系。因此用 so。 11. C。more and more 意为“越来越多”。 12. C。发展得快。 13. A。从城镇变成了一个城市。 14. B。其他的国家。 15。C。其他国家的学生都希望到剑桥来学*。
******************************************************************

10 篇

It was about two in the morning when I returned home. I tried to __1_ up my

wife by 2 the doorbell, but she was fast 3 , so I got a ladder and put it

4 the wall and began 5 towards the bedroom window,. I was almost there when

a man’s 6 below said, “I don’t think the windows need cleaning at this 7

of the night.” I looked down and 8 fell off the ladder when I saw a policeman.

I at once 9 answering in the way I 10 , but is said. “I enjoy 11__

windows at night.” “ 12 do I,” answered the policeman in the same tone.

“Excuse my interrupting you, but would you mind 13 with me to the station?”

“Sorry,” I said. “You see, I’ve 14 my key.” “Your

__15 ?”

called. “My key!” I shouted. Luckily my wife got up and opened the window just

as the policeman started to climb towards me.

1.A. wake

B. get

C. ask

D. hitting

2. A. knocking

B. pushing C. ringing D. hitting

3. A. out

B. asleep

C. answering D. away

4. A. to

B. in

C. by

D. against

5. A. jumping

B. climbing C. walking D. running

6. A. voice B. speech

C. sound

D. noise

7. A. day

B. o’clock C. time D. place

8. A. already

B. just C. quickly D. nearly

9. A. regretted

B. couldn’t help

C. finished

D. gave up

10. A. climbed

B. did

C. went D. returned

11. A. sweeping B. cleaning C. breaking D. looking up

12. A. Like B. As

C. Too

D. So

13. A. coming

B. come C. to come D. came

14. A. missed

B. brought C. forgotten D. found

15. A. Whose

B. Which

C. Why

D. What

名师点评

“我”深夜回家,无法进屋,只好爬窗,巧遇警察。“我”和警察的对话,生动幽默。

短文常用短语较多,完成空格时多加注意。

答案简析

1. A。“叫醒某人”应表达为 wake up sb. or wake sb. up。

2. C。ring the bell(按门铃)是常用短语。

3. B。fast asleep 表示“睡得很熟”。

4. D。against the wall 表示“靠墙”。

5. B。梯子放好了就往上爬。

6. A。作者爬窗户时,听到下面有个男人的说话声。

7. C。at this time 表示“此刻”。

8. D。作者回头看见警察时,差一点儿摔下梯子。

9. B。couldn’t help doing something 表示“禁不住做什么”。

10. B。did = answered。 11. B。作者说:我喜欢夜里擦窗户。 12. D。警察说:So do I =我也喜欢夜里擦窗户。 13. A。mind + doing something 是常用搭配。 14. C。 从作者的上述表现来看,他的确把钥匙给忘了。 15. D。下文说:我的钥匙!推断上文:你的什么? *********************************************************************

11 篇

The United States covers a large part of the North 1__ continent (洲),

when this land first became a nation. After 2 its freedom ( 自 由 ) from

England, it has 13 states. Each of the states had a star on the American flag (旗

子). As the nation 3 , new states were formed and there 4 new stars on the

flag. 5 a long time, there were forty-eight states. In 1959 two 6 stars were

added (加) to the flag, standing for (代表) the new states of Alaska and Hawaii.

7 were the first people of the land and great number of people came from

England. It is 8

that reason that the language of the U.S. is English and

9 its culture and customs (文化*惯) are more 10 those of England than any

other country in the world.

1. A. America B. America's C. American D. Americans

2. A. win

B. won

C. winning D. have won

3. A. grew B. grows

C. growing D. have grown

4. A. are

B. were C. have been D. had been

5. A. In

B. From C. For

D. Through

6. A. another B. many

C. other

D. more

7. A. India B. Indian

C. Indias

D. Indians

8. A. on

B. for

C. because D. because of

9. A. that

B. why

C. many D. all

10. A. as

B. like C. same D. as if

名师点评 这篇短文告诉我们美利坚合众国的由来:美国是由州组成的国家,并且每增加一个州,
就在旗子上增加一颗星。结合世界历史知识,完成此篇短文。 答案简析 1. C。此处 American,又称亚美尼亚洲。 2. C。介词后面跟动名词。 3. A。用过去时和后面时态一致。 4. B。与前面分句并列,故用过去时。 5. C。引导一段时间用 for。 6. D。more 用在数词和名词中间表示“又、再”。 7. D。这里指印第安人。 8. B。这是强调句。for that reason 意思是“由于这个原因”。 9. A。与前面的 that 并列,不可省略。 10. B。be more like 意思为“更像……一样。
******************************************************************
12 篇 A rich American went to Paris and bought a picture painted by a French artist. The American thought the picture to be very fine because he __1 a lot of money for it. When he came to his hotel he wanted to hang the 2 up on the wall. He 3 it for a long time, but couldn’t __4_ which was the top and which was the bottom(底部) .The American __5 the picture this way and 6 , but still couldn’t 7 . So he had 8 . He 9 the picture in the dining room and invited the painter of the picture to 10 . When the painter came, the American said 11 to him about the picture. 12 they went into the dining room to have dinner. He looked 13 at the picture several times. Then he put on his 14 and looked at the

picture again and again. At last he 15 that the picture was up side down.

1. A. cost

B. spent

C. paid D. took

2. A. map

B. cap

C. picture

D. kite

3. A. looked after

B. looked at

C. looked for

D. looked up

4. A. tell

B. say

C. talk D. speak

5. A. painted B. turned

C. used D. wrote

6. A. that

B. it

C. one

D. another

7. A. see

B. read C. decide

D. look

8. A. a way B. a pen

C. a road

D. an idea

9. A. put

B. hung C. stopped D. lent

10. A. tea

B. rice C. bread

D. dinner

11. A. nothing B. something C. hello

D. sorry

12. A. At first B. At last

C. At once D. at all

13. A. heavily B. loudly

C. straight D. carefully

14. A. glasses B. coat C. trousers D. hat

15. A. watched B. understood C. sat

D. opened

名师点评

一位美国人在巴黎买了幅画,回去挂上又怕上下颠倒,最后只好请来画家本人。全文通

俗易懂,选词时要根据事情的发展过程。

答案简析

1. C。上文说:他认为这画很好。 推断下文:因为他买这画付了许多钱。句中的介词 for

是个重要提示。

2. C。上文说:那美国人买了画。推断下文: 回到旅馆,当然要把画挂起来欣赏。

3. B。意思说“他看了好长时间,还是分不清上下”。

4. A。短文最后一句说:画被挂倒了。 推断此句:因此,那美国人辨别不出哪边是画的顶

部, 哪边是画的底部。

5. B。由于上下不分,所以那美国人就把画反复颠倒看。

6. A。句中的 this 是个重要提示。 7. C。尽管颠来倒去,还是不能断定上下。 8. D。他最后想出了办法。 9. B。他先在餐厅挂上画。 10. D。接上文(他在餐厅中挂了那副画)可推断下文: 美国人邀请画家来进餐。 11. A。美国人邀请画家的目的是:看画家本人有什么反应。 因此,对那副画他一言不发。 12. A。首先他们进入餐厅吃晚饭。 下文中的短语 At last 是个重要提示。 13. C。look straight at 表示“盯着……看”。 14. A。画家也被搞糊涂了,他戴上眼镜并将画看了又看。 15. B。他终于明白了那画被挂到了。 ************************************************************************
13 篇
I’m glad it’s Sunday again. I can stay in bed 1 I like, drinking tea and 2 those thick newspapers that are brought 3 the newsboy through the letterbox at 8:30. In this way, I can catch up with all the 4 I haven’t got time to read during my work time. When I 5 the papers, I then prepare my bath. The Sunday morning bath is 6 of
the week. There's no need to hurry because there’s no bus to 7 and my friends are told not to call me up before noon on Sundays, so there is no danger of 8 by the telephone.
9 spend the afternoon after lunch is always a bit of problem. In summer I can go to the park and sit in a chair 10 boys playing football, while in winter I sit in front of the fire and 11 when reading a book, sometimes I turn on the television and sleep through an old film.
Then there’s the 12 ahead of me. Perhaps I’ll call on some friends or go to the cinema 13 a new film I want to see or to town for a concert. Oh, there are 14 pleasant ways of passing Sunday evenings. The only sad thing is that

Monday morning is getting 15 .

1. A. as long as B. as soon as

C. as well as

D. as much as

2. A. read

B. reading

C. to read

D. am reading

3. A. from

B. with

C. and

D. by

4. A. things

B. books

C. information

D. knowledge

5. A. am reading B. have read

C. had read D. read

6. A. the much pleasant

B. the more pleasant

C. the most pleasant

D. the very pleasant

7. A. sit

B. catch

C. get in

D. take

8. A. trouble

B. being troubled

C. troubling

D. to be troubled

9. A. What to

B. How to

C. When to

D. Where to

10. A. looking

B. seeing

C. looking at

D. watching

11. A. fall asleep B. go to sleep

C. go to bed D.get to sleep

12. A. supper

B. friend

C. evening

D. work

13. A. whether there’s B. if there will be C. when there has

D.

if there will be

14. A. so many

B. such many

C. a lot

D. quite few

15. A. busier

B. longer

C. near

D. away

名师点评

本篇着重介绍作者在周日把工作抛在一边,尽情享受周日的大好时光。其实,绝大部分

人都有这样的生活体验,因此,在做该题时,常识会帮助你顺利解题。

答案简析

1. A。as long as 表示时间上的要多长有多长 。

2. B。现在分词充当伴随状语,与前面的 drinking 并列。

3. D。newsboy 是动作的执行者,所以用 by 。

4. A。意为报纸之类的所有的东西。

5. B。强调已读完报纸。

6. C。通过上下文可知只有用最高级,意为“星期日的淋浴是一个星期中最令人愉快的”。 7. B。catch a bus 赶车。 8. B。被打扰,所以用被动式,of 后接动名词形式作宾语。 9. B。表示怎样度过下午是个问题。 10. D。watch sb. doing sth.。seeing 也很具有迷惑性,但观看某人踢足球还是应当用 watch。 11. A。入睡,睡着。 12 .C。下午过后,当然是夜晚就在眼前。 13. B。这里故意把 if 和 whether 放在一起,其实,我们需要的是“假如”,而非“是否”,
故选择 if,本句是一个条件状语从句,故用一般现在时。 14. B。 固定短语 so…that,,such…that 另,many, much, little, few 前用 so 而
不用 such。 15. C。意为星期一早晨临*了。
**********************************************************************

14 篇

Policemen were called by a shop in Southland early on Christmas morning. When

they 1 they found two burglars (偷盗者) were kept in a lift with a heavy box

of money. The two men were in their twenties. They 2 an office in the 3 and

took the money box and ran 4 the lift. They did not see the sign on the door

saying that it 5 no more than two people.

“They were kept between the 6 because they 7 a heavy box,” the police

officer said, “they 8 there for six hours, 9 on what they hoped to be

their Christmas 10 . They were doing this at a time when people were at 11

for the Christmas with their families. It was a very special 12 when the

policemen 13 the door and they walked 14 , holding out arms. They said

they had never been 15 pleased to see policemen. The policemen said they

were pleased to see them too.

1. A. reached

B. got

C.

arrived

D. were

2. A. broke up

B. broke out C. broke

D. broke into

3. A. street

B. station

C. shop

D. box

4. A. out

B. into C. inside

D. off

5. A. runs

B. drives

C. makes

D. carries

6. A. earth

B. ground C. floors

D. floor

7. A. lifted

B. took C. brought

D. made

8. A. were kept

B. kept C. were taken

D. were hit

9. A. sits

B. sit

C. sat

D. sitting

10. A. box

B. tree C. present

D. money

11. A. work

B. home C. ease

D. place

12. A. happy

B. hurry C. moment

D. worry

13. A. opened

B. closed

C. turned

D. shut

14. A. away

B. off

C. in

D. out

15. A. much

B. very C. too

D. so

名师点评

读完这篇文章后,你会由衷地发出“恶有恶报”的感叹。整个故事既诙谐有趣而又富于

深刻的含义。

答案简析

1. C。这里必须用不及物动词,故不用 reach,而 got 单独使用不表示“到达”。

2. D 破门而入。

3. C。由上下文可知是一家商店。

4. B。ran into the lift 跑进电梯。

5. D。电梯只能“装得下”两人。

6. C。电梯被卡在两层楼之间。

7. B。此处 took 为“拿”的意思。

8. A。上文已有这个词组,表示一直被关在电梯中达两小时之久。

9. D。现在分词做伴随状语。

10. C。根据常识,他们把偷来的箱子当作自己的圣诞礼物。 11. B。此时人们还在各自的家中和家人团聚。 12. C。这对于他们来说,的确是一个很特别的时刻。 13. A。警察打开电梯门。 14. D。门打开了,他们走出电梯。 15. D。作为小偷,他们从未因看见警察而如此高兴过。
*************************************************************
15 篇 “It’s over! Thank goodness!” school was 1 and I was tired. I 2 at the front of the school bus. Janie, the driver, tries to 3 the uncomfortable atmosphere by striking the match of talks. I try to listen 4 , but usually I am too 5 thinking about my day. On this day, however, her talk was worth 6 . “My father’s ill ,” she said to no one in particular(特别地). I could see worry in her 7 . I had never seen her like this before. She always meets students 8 a smile. With a sudden change of interest, I asked, “ what’s wrong with him?” With her eyes wet and her voice 9 , she answered, “Heart trouble.” Her eyes lowered as she continued. “I’ve already 10 my mum, so I don’t think I can stand losing him.” I couldn’t answer. My heart ached for her. I sat on the 11 thinking of the great pain my own mother was thrown into when her father died. I saw how hard it was, and still is, for her. I wouldn’t want to anyone to go through that. Suddenly I realized Janie wasn’t only a bus 12 , that was just her job. She had a whole world of family and cares 13 . I suddenly 14 very selfish. I paid no attention to Janie because she was a bus driver. I had judged her by her job and brushed her off as unimportant.

I shouldn’t have been so selfish and self-centered. 15 people is an art.

1. A. in

B. off

C. over

D. on

2. A. ran

B. walked

C. sat

D. stood

3. A. rest

B. break

C. close

D. open

4. A. polite

B. rude

C. politely

D. quickly

5. A. busy

B. free

C. busily

D. freely

6. A. looking at B. agreeing with C. talking to

D. listening to

7. A. eyes

B. face

C. mouth

D. ears

8. A. with

B. within

C. without

D. for

9. A. usually

B. usual

C. unusual

D. truly

10.A. remembered B. forgotten

C. lost

D. missed

11. A. seat

B. house

C. room

D. desk

12. A. worker

B. driver

C. teacher

D. doctor

13. A. also

B. either

C. too

D. at all

14. A. felt

B. feel

C. thought

D. was

15. A. Looking at B. Understanding C. Getting to know D. Watching

名师点评:

通过这则短文,我们知道每个人除了在工作中扮演不同的社会角色外,他还是一个普通

的家庭成员,有自己的喜怒哀乐,所以我们应当相互关心,相互爱护,理解他人的苦衷。

答案简析:

1. C。根据上下文 Thank goodness、tired 的提示,可知是放学了。

2. C。根据第 11 选项知道他是坐着的,不是站在公共汽车上。

3. B。表示打破沉闷的气氛。

4. C。别人讲话时,你应该有礼貌地去倾听,故选副词 politely 修饰动词 listen。

5. A。be busy doing 表示“忙于做某事”。

6. D。根据文章可知,今天她的话却值得一听。

7. A。表示从她眼里可看得出她的担心,而 face 则应和 on 搭配。

8. A。with a smile 表示“面带笑容”。

9. C。因为悲伤,所以她的声音和*时有所不同。 10. C。因为她已经失去了母亲,所以不能承受再失去父爱的痛苦。miss 表示错过,不表示
丢失或失去,故不选。 11. A。坐在座位上。 12. B。我们从文章开始就知道 Janie 是一个驾驶员 13. C。too 用于句末,also 用于句中,而 either 用于否定句句末。 14. A。“我”突然地觉得自己很自私。 15. B。通过“我”的突然醒悟,告诉人们人与人之间的理解是很重要的。
*****************************************************************************

16 篇

The women’s college had a very small car park, and because several of the

teachers and students, and many of the students’ boyfriends, had cars, it was often

1 to find a place to park. The head of the college, Miss Baker, had a 2 in

the car park for her own small car. There were white 3 around it, and it had

a small blackboard saying, “Only for Head of College.”

One evening when Miss Baker got 4 to the college a few minutes before the

time all the students should be in, she 5 another car in her parking place. There

were two 6 in it, one of her girl students and a young man. Miss Baker 7 that

the young man would have to leave soon, 8 she decided to ask him to move his

car a bit, for her to park her car in the place for the night 9 going to bed.

Because the young man’s car was 10 to the railing, Miss Baker had to drive

up beside it on the other 11 , where the girl was sitting. She came up on this

side, 12 her own window and tapped her horn lightly. The girl was having her

head on the 13 shoulder. She looked round in 14 . She was even more surprised

when she 15 Miss Baker say, “Excuse me, but may I change places with you?”

1. A. late

B. difficult C. important D. quick

2. A. place B. seat C. room

D. card

3. A. pictures B. maps C. lines

D. walls

4. A. out

B. up

C. away

D. back

5. A. stopped B. found

C. caught

D. missed

6. A. boys B. women C. teachers D. people

7. A. said B. forgot C. knew

D. waited

8. A. until B. since

C. though

D. so

9. A. before B. after

C. about

D .from

10. A. next B. far

C. ready

D. same

11. A. way B. side C. hand D. corner

12. A. closed B. pulled

C. opened D. cleaned

13. A. car’s B. woman’s C. park’s

D. man’s

14. A. trouble B. time

C. surprise D. hurry

15. A. heard B. learned C. taught

D. close

名师点评

在这篇短文里, Miss Baker 用委婉的说法请求别人让出自己的车位,却遭到别人的误

解,令人啼笑皆非。

答案简析

1. B。因为停车场小,而车子却多,所以常常很难找到停车位。

2. A。place 表示“车位”。room 作为空间讲是不可数名词,故不选。

3. C。用白色的栏杆围着,以示私人专用。

4. D。因为是夜晚,所以是回到学校准备休息了。

5. B。

6. D。由下文得知是一男一女,故选 people。

7. C。因为这是女校,所以她知道这位男士肯定马上要走的。

8. D。因为她知道这个年轻人很快会走,所以她决定请他让出车位。

9. A。表示睡觉前要把车子停好。

10. A。next to 表示“靠*,邻*”。

11. B。

12. C。打开车窗,以便于和那辆汽车里的人讲话。 13. D。 14. C。in surprise 表示惊讶,根据下一句 more surprised 可知这里她的反应是惊讶。 15. A。hear sb. say sth.意思是“听见某人说什么”。 ********************************************************************

17 篇

Football is, I do think, the most favourite game in England: one has only to

go to one of the important 1 to see this. Rich and poor, young and old, one can

see them all there 2 for one side or the 3 .To a stranger(陌生人),one of

the most surprising things about football in 4 is the great knowledge of the

game which 5 the smallest boy seems to have. He can tell you the names of the

6 in most of the important teams, he has 7 of them and knows the results of

large numbers of matches. He will tell you who he 8 will win such a match, and

his ideas about 9 are usually as good as those of men three or four times his

10 .

1. A. cities

B. matches

C. teams

D. places

2.A. waiting

B. looking

C. asking

D. shouting

3.A. other

B. same C. team D. players

4.A. China

B. the USA C. England D. Canada

5.A. all

B. hardly

C. only D. even

6A. players B. cities

C. countries D. matches

7.A. names

B. pictures C. heard

D. thought

8.A. says

B. asks C. decides D. hopes

9.A. England

B. players C. football D. men

10.A. ideas B. age

C. stories

D. education

名师点评

这是一篇以情景推理的语境题目为主的完形填空,它谈到了英国人对足球的狂热程度,

这方面背景知识的 了解会大大有助于该题的解答。全文内容紧密结合英美人生活实际,足 球乃世界第一大球,在英国,人们日常生活的话题除了天气之外, 大概谈的最多的就是足 球了,只要理解了这一点,结合上下文的语言环境,分析好句法关系,应该能够应付自如。 答案简析 1. B。从 to see this 和常理可以判断出去看的是比赛,而非其他。 2. D。指球迷们激动的场面:大声叫喊。 3. A。看球的人为一方或另一方而呐喊助威, 这种球迷的狂热劲应有所闻,也不难理解。 4. C。短文讲的就是英国人对足球的狂热。 5. D。在这个长句中,主语 one 后带有一个"of"短语,而表语后带有
"of 短语+定语从句",文章首 句已点明本文谈的是英国,对一个陌生人来说,英国足球 最让人拍案称奇的是,甚至小孩子也会对足球知之甚多。 6. A。指球队队员。 7. B。这是一个由三个分句连接的并列句,tell,has, knows 的内容 根据常识不难判断,这就是说这 些小孩子能告诉你大多数重要球队所有队员的名字,而 且还有他们的照片,知道许多场比赛的结果。 8. D。他们希望哪个队会赢。 9. C。从上下文便知。 10. B。这是一个包含两个复杂分句的并列句, 中间由 and 连接,填空处 8 he hopes 系插 入语,即 He will tell you(he hopes) who will win...;后一分句是包含同级比较 be as good as 的句子。9 空处指"评球 "才合适,全句意为:他会告诉你,他希望这场那场比赛 中谁赢,而他关于足球的观点通常同成年人一样好, 那些成年人的年龄比他们大两、三 倍。
***************************************************************
18 篇 Do you know how to study better and make your study more effective(有效的) We all know that Chinese students usually study very hard for long 1 . This is very

good, but it doesn’t 2 a lot, for an effective students must have enough sleep,

enough food and enough rest and exercise. Every day you need to go out for a walk

or visit some friends or some nice places. It’s good for your study.

When you return 3 your studies, your mind will be refreshed(清醒) and

you’ll learn more 4 study better. Psychologists( 心 理 学 家 ) 5 that

learning takes place in this way. Here take English learning 6 an example. First

you make a lot of progress and you feel happy. Then your language study seems 7

the same. So you will think you’re learning 8 and you may give up. This can

last for days or every weeks, yet you needn’t give up. At some point your language

study will again take another big 9 . You’ll see that you really have been

learning all along. If you get enough sleep, food, rest and exercise, studying

English can be very effective and 10 . Don’t give up along the way. Learn slowly

and you’re sure to get a good result.

1. A. days

B. time

C. hours

D. weeks

2. A. help

B. give

C .make

D. take

3. A. after

B. for

C. at

D. to

4. A. yet

B. and

C. or

D. but

5. A. have found B. have taught

C. told

D. said

6. A. with

B. for

C. as

D. to

7. A. to have

B. to make

C. to take

D. to stay

8. A. something B. anything C. nothing

D. everything

9. A. work

B. jump

C. walk

D. result

10. A. hard B. common

C. interesting

D. possible

名师点评

这篇短文告诉我们学*必须要有好的方法,劳逸结合,高效出成果。读后把它用到学

*中去, 时刻提醒自己。

答案简析

1. C。表示一端时间,time 是可数名词,可以说 for a long time,除此,只能选择 C 项。

2. A。句意是“帮助不大”, help 符合句意。 3. D。return 后跟介词 to 搭配。 4. B。此处 learn more 与 study better 为并列关系,用 and。 5. A。Psychologists 的发现,用动词 find。 6. C。注意下面表示“以……为例”的表达法的区别: take ……for example, take……as
an example,关键是那个 an。 7. D。stay 表示“保持原状”,是联系动词。 8. C。通过上下文 stay the same 和 give up,判断是“没有学到知识”。 9. B。take a big jump 意思是“发生很大的飞跃”。 10. C。与 effective 相互应的褒义词是 interesting。
*****************************************************************
19 篇 Mr. Evans lives in a city. He was a math 1 three years ago. He taught well and his students 2 him. So he decided to work in the middle school all his life. But an accident 3 everything. One spring he took his class to 4 a place of interest. The children saw a lot of 5 things and had a good time there. But on their way to school, their 6 hit by a truck because the young driver was drink. Five students 7 and more than half of the children were badly __8 in the accident. He didn’t know how it had happened and was __9 it and after he came out of hospital, he left the school and became a __10 . He tried his best to stop the drivers breaking the traffic rules. He worked hard and was strict with the drivers. So they are afraid of him. One afternoon it was very hot. Mr. Evans was 11 . He was standing at the crossing and watching the traffic. Suddenly he saw a __12_ rushing towards the crossing. It ran so fast that it almost hit a man __13 a bike. He stopped it at once and saw a girl in it. “ 14 your licence to me, madam,” said Mr. Evans.

The girl passed her bag on to him and said, “Please look for it in it 15 . I

can’t see anything without glasses.”

1. A. worker

B. teacher

C. doctor

D. farmer

2. A. liked B. wished

C. helped

D. answered

3. A. beat

B. won

C. lost

D. changed

4. A. build B. break

C. visit

D. find

5. A. pleasure

B. dangerous

C .safe

D. interesting

6. A. bus

B. train

C. car

D. ship

7. A. left

B. lived

C. died

D. fell

8. A. hot

B. hurt

C. touched

D. stopped

9. A. sad about

B. afraid of

C .worried about

D .pleased with

10. A. soldier

B. policeman

C. bookseller

D. cleaner

11. A. in the horne

B. at home

C .on duty

D. in the office

12. A .runner

B. policeman

C. player

D. car

13. A. riding

B. selling

C. buying

D. making

14. A. Throw

B. Show

C. Lend

D. Write

15. A. you

B. I

C . yourself

D. myself

名师点评

这篇短文讲的是一位老师在带学生参观的途中,由于司机酒后驾驶出了事故,造成五位

学生死亡。他决心离开学校当警察,查处违规司机。

答案简析

1. B。上文说:他教得好。推断:他是个老师。

2. A。从上句推断:他教得好,学生当然喜欢他。

3. D。从下文发生的交通事故使他不做老师改当警察来推断,故选 change。

4. C。他带学生参观。

5. D。下文说:他们玩得痛快。推断:看到许多有趣的事。

6. A。car 学生们外出参观坐 bus。 7. C。车祸中五名学生死了。 8. B。车祸中半数学生受伤。 9. A。事故大,老师当然难过。 10. B。老师深恶痛绝司机的违章,故离开学校,当了警察。 11. C。这天埃文斯当班。 12. D。从上下文判断,这是一辆轿车。 13. A。这里谈到的交通。 14. B。埃文斯要看她的驾驶证。 15. C。那女司机要他自己看。
************************************************************************
20 篇 Mary and Peter were having a picnic near a river when Mary noticed something flying overhead.“ 1 ,” she shouted to her friends. “ That’s a spaceship up there and it’s going to 2 here.”
Frightened(吓唬) by the strange silver colored spaceship, 3 of the young people got in their 4 and drove away quickly. Peter __5_ Mary and always close to her. They, more 6 than frightened, watched the spaceship land, saw a door open. When nobody 7 , they went to the spaceship and looked into。In the center of the floor 8__ was a pile of food. Peter followed Mary into the spaceship and didn’t __9_ the door close behind him. The temperature fell quickly and the __10 young people lost consciousness(知觉).
When they woke up, they were 11 to see that they were back by the river 12 . The spaceship had gone. Their car was nearby.
“What 13 ?” said Mary. “Don’t ask me; perhaps we had a 14 .” Peter said slowly. “Did you … did

you see a spaceship?”

“Yes,” said Mary. “Oh, Peter, we 15 have seen a UFO coming from another

world.”

1. A. Look

B. Come C. Stop D. Stand

2. A. arrive

B. come C. land D. leave

3. A. none

B. some C. many D. most

4. A. cars

B. rooms

C. houses

D. buses

5. A. knew

B. liked

C. saw

D. met

6. A. afraid

B. worried C. careful

D. curious (好奇)

7. A. come along

B. came over

C. came out

D. came round

8. A. it

B. there

C. that D. this

9. A. know

B. think

C. hear D. hope

10. A. two

B. three

C. four D. five

11. A. happy

B. surprised C. interested D. ready

12. A. again

B. too

C. later

D. finally

13. A. started

B. stopped C. happened D. landed

14. A. rest B. dream

C. drink

D. walk

15. A. could

B. would

C. should

D. must

名师点评

这是一篇科幻短文。彼得和玛丽在河边野餐时遇不明飞行物,不知不觉中进了飞船,便

很快失去了知觉。醒来时又回到了原地,就好像做了一场梦。故事连贯性强,要通过上下文

的理解才能顺利完成。

答案简析

1. A。提示某人看,故用 look。

2. C。从上文的描述中可以推断: 宇宙飞船将要着陆。

3. D。上文说:突如其来的飞船使大家非常害怕,理所当然,人人都要逃离。

4. A。从 drove away 中可以得到提示。

5. B。下文说:彼得 always close to her。这说明:彼得喜欢玛丽。 6. D。他们两人也害怕,但好奇心更为强烈,故选 D。 7. C。上文说:他们看见宇宙飞船的门开了。推断下文:但里面没有人出来。 8. B。这里是个 there be 句型。 9. C。彼得跟随玛丽进了宇宙飞船,但是他们没有听见关门的声音。 10. A。Peter+ Mary=two young people。 11. B。进了宇宙飞船,怎么现在又回到了原处,这使他们二人感到惊讶。 12. A。原来在河边,现在又回到了河边。 13. C。玛丽问:怎么回事? 14. B。彼得也闹不清是怎么回事,于是他说:我们也许是做了个梦。 15. D。肯定判断用 must,否定判断用 can’t。


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